Comparison Epidemiology between Tuberculosis and COVID-19 in East Java Province, Indonesia: An Analysis of Regional Surveillance Data in 2020

Budi Utomo, Chow Khuen Chan, Ni Made Mertaniasih, Soedarsono Soedarsono, Shifa Fauziyah, Teguh Hari Sucipto, Febriana Aquaresta, Dwinka Syafira Eljatin, I. Made Dwi Mertha Adnyana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tuberculosis and COVID-19 are among the infectious diseases that constitute a public health concern. Therefore, this study aims to examine the recent epidemiology of tuberculosis and COVID-19 in East Java Province, Indonesia, in 2020. Case-based surveillance data were acquired with a retrospective design between January and December 2020 by the East Java Health Officer. The data were analyzed using Quantum Geographic Information System (QGIS) for mapping, and Microsoft Excel for recording. Furthermore, the statistical analysis (Spearman correlation test) was carried out via Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) applications. A total number of 38,089 confirmed cases of tuberculosis was recorded, with an incidence rate of 95.49/100,000 population, a case fatality rate (CFR) of 3.6%, and an average treatment success rate of 87.78%. COVID-19 is a new viral disease, with a total of 84,133 confirmed COVID-19 cases in East Java, with an incidence rate of 232.9/100,000 population. The highest incidence rate was found in Mojokerto city, while the lowest was found in Sampang. Furthermore, the CFR values of tuberculosis and COVID-19 were 1.4% and 6.8%, respectively. The regional survey in East Java Province showed that the incidence of tuberculosis remains high. This indicated that the search for active cases and preventive promotion was not completed. Therefore, inter-sectoral collaboration can be adapted to provide suitable tuberculosis health care.

Original languageEnglish
Article number83
JournalTropical Medicine and Infectious Disease
Volume7
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • infectious disease
  • tuberculosis

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