Comparison between Shear Strength in Total Etch and Self Etch Adhesive material in Bonding of Stainless-steel Brackets

Rizka Firdaus Rosidin, Ratna Nurlia Alfiandini, Ida Bagus Narmada, I. G.A.W. Ardani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Bracket bonding in tooth enamel with total-etch material is a general practice procedure. The researchers combine etchant and bonding procedures in one application or called self-etch. This procedure is a solution for timesaving in bonding procedures and minimizing enamel damage without degrading the ability to sustain bond strength during the application of an orthodontic appliance. The aim of this research is to know the comparison between shear strength, ARI value, and enamel crack length between total-etch and self-etch adhesive material. Eighteenth teeth are divided into three groups which are K-1 as a control group without etchant application, K2 as the self-etch material group, and K-3 as the total etch material group. All teeth practiced shear strength test by Universal Testing Machine Autograph. After bracket removal, an Adhesive Remnant Index (ARI) test was performed and followed by cleaning the adhesive remnant with tungsten carbide burs and continued by enamel crack test by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). According to the OneWay Anova result, there is a difference between shear strength, ARI value, and significant enamel crack length (p<0.05) between the control group, self-etch group, and total-etch group. Total etch material has higher shear strength, higher ARI value, and higher enamel crack length number than self-etch material.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2991-2998
Number of pages8
JournalResearch Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023


  • ARI
  • Adhesive
  • self-etch
  • shear strength
  • total-etch


Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison between Shear Strength in Total Etch and Self Etch Adhesive material in Bonding of Stainless-steel Brackets'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this