Collagen-chitosan-glycerol-HPMC composite as cornea artificial candidate

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The number of blindness is tend to be increased year by year. One of the blindness cause is cornea ulcer.The cause of cornea ulcer is bacteria, fungi, and herpes simplex virus. Cornea transplantation is the only treatment which could widely accepted for blindness. Transplant by donor network becomes the only treatment that is acceptable on a large for blindness. However, treatment donor transplants have many shortcomings in complications post surgery such as host response, donor limitations, incompatibility and the length of time healing. As technology develops, there are many corneal substitutes based on natural ingredients derived from collagen or their derivatives because they promise better properties in biocompatibility. The aim of research are to conduct the synthesis and characterization of collagen- chitosan- glycerol - HPMC as artificial cornea such functional cluster test, cytotoxycity test, morphological test and antibacterial test. Based on functional cluster test, there are functional groups of all components of composite materials. While from cytotoxicity test, all samples have a percentage of living cells above 85%. The morphology test is showed that the pore size of sample B with composition collagen-chitosan-glycerol-HPMC is in accordance with the standard pore size for keratoprothesis. Sample A (collagen-chitosan-glycerol) and sample B (collagen-chitosan-glycerol-HPMC) have strong antibacterial properties.Biocomposite of collagen-chitosan-glycerol could be considered as artificial cornea due to the proximity with the corneal characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-21
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biomimetics, Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering
Volume42
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Chitosan
  • Collagen
  • Cornea
  • Glycerol
  • HPMC

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