Abstract

Cardiac myxoma is the most common primary cardiac tumor. However, existing literature mainly consists of single-center experiences with limited subjects. This systematic review aimed to provide data on clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes of cardiac myxoma. We performed a thorough literature search on May 23, 2023 on PubMed, ProQuest, ScienceDirect, Scopus, and Web of Science. The inclusion criteria were English full-text, observational studies, and included >20 subjects. From the search, 112 studies with a total of 8150 patients were included in the analysis. The mean age was 51 years (95 % confidence interval [95%CI] = 49.1–52.3), and the majority were females (64.3 % [95 % CI = 62.8–65.8 %]). The most common clinical manifestation was cardiovascular symptoms. Echocardiography can diagnose almost all cases (98.1 % [95 % CI = 95.8–99.6 %]). Cardiac myxoma was mostly prevalent in left atrium (85.3 % [95%CI = 83.3–87 %]) and predominantly with pedunculated morphology (75.6 % [95%CI = 64.1–84.3 %]). Post-tumor excision outcomes were excellent, with an early mortality of 1.27 % (95 % CI = 0.8–1.8 %), late mortality rate of 4.7 (95 % CI = 2.5–7.4) per 1000 person-years, and recurrence rate at 0.5 (95 % CI = 0.0–1.1) per 1000 person-years. Tumor excision is warranted in a timely manner once the cardiac myxoma diagnosis is established.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107940
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Volume50
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Cardiac Tumor
  • Epidemiology
  • Mortality
  • Myxoma
  • Recurrence

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