Classification of Indonesian adult forensic gender using cephalometric radiography with VGG16 and VGG19: a Preliminary research

Vitria Wuri Handayani, Ahmad Yudianto, M. A.R. Mieke Sylvia, Riries Rulaningtyas, Muhammad Ra Syad Caesarardhi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The use of cephalometric pictures in dental radiology is widely acknowledged as a depend-able technique for determining the gender of an individual. The Visual Geometry Group 16 (VGG16) and Visual Geometry Group 19 (VGG19) algorithms have been proven to be effective in image classification. Objectives: To acknowledge the importance of comprehending the complex procedures associated with the generation and adjustment of inputs in order to obtain precise outcomes using the VGG16 and VGG19 algorithms. Material and Method: The current work utilised a dataset including 274 cephalometric radiographic pictures of adult Indonesians’ oral health records to construct a gender classification model using the VGG16 and VGG19 architectures using Python. Result: The VGG16 model has a gender identification accuracy of 93% for females and 73% for males, resulting in an average accuracy of 89% across both genders. In the context of gender identification, the VGG19 model has been found to achieve an accuracy of 0.95% for females and 0.80% for men, resulting in an overall accuracy of 0.93% when considering both genders. Conclusion: The application of VGG16 and VGG19 models has played a significant role in identifying gender based on the study of cephalometric radiography. This application has demonstrated the exceptional effectiveness of both models in accurately predicting the gender of Indonesian adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)308-316
Number of pages9
JournalActa Odontologica Scandinavica
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • VGG16
  • VGG19
  • cephalometry
  • gender determination


Dive into the research topics of 'Classification of Indonesian adult forensic gender using cephalometric radiography with VGG16 and VGG19: a Preliminary research'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this