Characterization of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) synthesized from Piper ornatum leaf extract and its activity against food borne pathogen Staphylococcus aureus

Firli Rahmah Primula Dewi, Vuanghao Lim, A’Liyatur Rosyidah, Fatimah, Sri Puji Astuti Wahyuningsih, Ummi Zubaidah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Staphylococcus aureus is the most recurrent food borne pathogen that commonly resists antibiotics. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have potential to solve bacterial multidrug resistance. This study aims to assess bactericidal activity of AgNPs against S. aureus synthesized from Piper ornatum leaf extract. Biosynthesis was performed by mixing P. ornatum extract with AgNO3 aqueous solution and then incubating for 24 h at room temperature under dark condition. The formation of AgNPs was confirmed by changing optical color from light yellowish to dark brown with a peak of UV spectrum at ~500 nm. According to SEM imaging, AgNPs had spherical form whereas EDS analysis revealed strong signal at 3 kV indicating existence of silver element. Meanwhile, face-centered cubic structures of AgNPs were indicated by XRD analysis. FTIR analysis confirmed ketone, flouro, and amine as functional groups presented in extract were essential for the bioreduction of silver nitrate to silver nanoparticles. This study revealed that AgNPs have a potent bactericidal effect. In vitro evaluation using agar well-diffusion assay showed high inhibition zone of S. aureus (14.28±0.26) upon treating with 25 µg/mL AgNPs while MIC value was 5 µg/mL. However, antibiotic erythromycin and chloramphenicol respectively exhibited better inhibition zone and MIC value.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1742-1748
Number of pages7
JournalBiodiversitas
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • AgNPs
  • Piper ornatum
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • bactericidal activity
  • human and health
  • in vitro assay

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