Characterization of a natural biodegradable edible film obtained from arrowroot starch and iota-carrageenan and application in food packaging

Annur Ahadi Abdillah, Albert Linton Charles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Future food packaging trends are shifting to natural and eco-friendly materials developed from biopolymers such as starch and other hydrocolloids, to reduce pollution from synthetic polymers. Arrowroot starch (AS) (3.5, 3, 2.5, and 2%) and iota-carrageenan (IC) (0.5, 1, 1.5, and 2%) were blended to develop biodegradable edible films (AS/IC-BEF), which were compared against AS-BEF (4%, control). All films were characterized based on their physico-mechanical and barrier properties, functional group properties, crystallinity properties, thermal properties, and soil and seawater biodegradation. AS-BEF exhibited smooth surface, high transparency, and completed composting soil biodegradation in 7 days whereas AS/IC-BEF samples exhibited higher tensile strength, water solubility, swelling properties, and barrier properties, but completed biodegradation after 30 days. XRD analysis indicated IC fractions contributed to increase in degree of crystallinity (28.35°) and FTIR signaled strong hydrogen bond interactions between polymers. AS/IC-BEF samples demonstrated melting temperatures between 158 and 190 °C while glass transition temperatures ranged from 153 to 176 °C, which resulted in maximum weight loss around 50–55% at melting temperatures. Finally, AS/IC-BEF samples successfully inhibited weight loss of cherry tomatoes at room temperature and extended their shelf life to 10 days, which indicated that the AS/IC composite material produced a BEF with potential food and industrial applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)618-626
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume191
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2021

Keywords

  • Arrowroot starch
  • Biodegradable films
  • Green products
  • Thermoplastic starch
  • X-ray diffraction
  • Zero waste

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