Characteristics of Patients with Pressure Injuries in a COVID-19 Referral Hospital

Indri Lakhsmi Putri, Aldrich Alexander Afeli Tungga, Rachmaniar Pramanasari, Citrawati Dyah Kencono Wungu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVE This retrospective study aimed to describe the characteristics of patients treated at a COVID-19 referral hospital from March 2020 to June 2021 who experienced pressure injuries (PIs) either before or after admission. METHODS The researchers collected and analyzed data on patients' demographic characteristics, symptoms, comorbidities, location and severity of PI, laboratory values, oxygen therapy, length of stay, and vasopressor use. RESULTS During the study period, 1,070 patients were hospitalized for COVID-19 with varying degrees of severity, and 12 patients were diagnosed with PI. Eight (66.7%) of the patients with PI were men. The median age was 60 (range, 51-71) years, and half of the patients had obesity. Eleven of the patients with PI (91.4%) had at least one comorbid condition. The sacrum and gluteus were the two most commonly affected sites. Those with stage 3 PI had a substantially greater median d-dimer value (7,900 ng/mL) than patients with stage 2 PI (1,100 ng/mL). The average length of stay was 22 (range, 9.8-40.3) days. CONCLUSIONS Health professionals should be aware of an increase in d-dimer in patients with COVID-19 and PI. Even though PIs in these patients might not result in mortality, an increase in morbidity can be avoided with the right care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalAdvances in Skin and Wound Care
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2023


  • COVID-19
  • comorbidity
  • d -dimer
  • medical care
  • pressure injury
  • wound healing


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