Characteristics of Pain and Comorbidities in Geriatric Subjects in Indonesia: A Hospital-based National Clinical Survey

Thomas Eko Purwata, Dessy Rachmawati Emril, Yudiyanta, Pinzon Rizaldy, Henny Anggraini Sadeli, Suroto, Putu Eka Widyadharma, Susi Aulina, Audry Devisanty Wuysang, Isti Suharjanti, Shahdevi Nandar Kurniawan, Widodo Mardi Santosa, Endang Mutia, Bambang Sutrisno, Yetty Hambarsari, Octaviani, Henry Sugiharto, Theresia Runtuwene, Sekplin A.S. Sekeon, Wisnu NalendratamaAgus Permadi, Anak Agung Ayu Putri Laksmidewi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background. Pain is one of the most common health problems often experienced by the elderly. Research on pain and its comorbidities in elderly are crucial, because it relates to disability and impairment in quality of life. Unfortunately research related to pain in the elderly and co morbidities are still limited in Indonesia, better undertanding about pain can be a vital consideration of treatment and drug consideration. This study was conducted to provide an overview of pain and its comorbidities in elderly. Materials and methods. This was an observational cross sectional study to 949 subjects. Subjects were recruited from outpatients neurology department in 10 big cities Hospitals in Indonesia. Data obtained from subjects who completed the self-made pain questionnaire and medical records. Subjects were characterized based on type of pain, location of pain, properties of pain, time of exacerbation, and comorbidities. All data were processed descriptively. Results and conclusion. A total of 949 subjects met the inclusion criteria. The subjects consist of 476 (50.16%) female and 473 (49.84%) male, with common age group between 60-74 years (80.08%). The Most common pain characteristic are mild pain intesity (46.79%), mixed type of pain (44.68%), chronic pain (64.59%), multiple site pain location (45.42%) and uncertain time pain excacerbation (37.40%). Six hundred and eighten (65.12%) subjects have comorbidity and 331 (34.88%) without comorbidity. The most common comorbidity found were hypertension (41.31%) and diabetes (14.23%), with 561 (90.78%) subjects have 1 comorbidity. These study provide the overview of the geriatric problems especially in pain and the comorbidities so that the clinician can provide a comprehensive management of pain problems in geriatric.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-161
Number of pages5
JournalRomanian Journal of Neurology/ Revista Romana de Neurologie
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • characteristic
  • comorbidities
  • geriatric
  • pain
  • prevalence


Dive into the research topics of 'Characteristics of Pain and Comorbidities in Geriatric Subjects in Indonesia: A Hospital-based National Clinical Survey'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this