Dina Rahayuning Pangestuti, Trias Mahmudiono, Rahayu Indriasari, Naintina Lisnawati, Alfi Fairuz Asna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Online media are potentially useful teaching resources, especially for students studying from home during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Previous research found that this method can improve understanding of the material other than the face-to-face method. This study evaluated whether online nutrition education could influence the sugar, salt, and fat diet of elementary school students. Semarang City served as the site of this experimental study. Participants in this study were given a weekly online nutrition education intervention for eight weeks. Based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 100 students were randomly selected and divided into two groups, so that 45 students remained until the end of the study in the control group, while the intervention group had 39 students. Data on general characteristics, self-reported anthropometry, sugar, salt, and fat eating patterns, and variables influencing social media use, were gathered. The data were analyzed through descriptive, bivariate, and multivariate analyses. In this study, students used YouTube more often (83.7%) than other social media platforms. The intervention caused a shift in the students’ dietary patterns. The scores of fried food consumption in both groups and sugary food consumption in the control group varied before and after the interventions. There was no difference in the delta scores between the intervention and control groups; however, it was 4.1 times harder for female students than for male students to change their eating habits. Even though there was no significant difference between the two groups, online nutrition education could alter high-sugar and high-fat diets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)464-476
Number of pages13
JournalSoutheast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
Publication statusPublished - 29 Dec 2022


  • eating pattern
  • nutrition education
  • online
  • students
  • sugar-salt-fat intake


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