Challenges in the provision of natural medicines by community pharmacists in East Java Province, Indonesia

Hanni P. Puspitasari, Dhita Fatmaningrum, Sa'Adatus Zahro, Shofi Salsabila, Zulfia A. Rizqulloh, Ana Yuda, Mufarrihah, Anila I. Sukorini, Neny Purwitasari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Community pharmacist has been widely known as a health professional who can be easily accessed to provide medicines and reliable medicine information. However, this was not always in the case of dispensing natural medicines. Several international studies revealed that community pharmacists were less likely to deliver natural medicines accompanied with detailed information. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate factors influencing Indonesian community pharmacists in the supply of, delivery of, and provision of information about natural medicines. A qualitative study with purposively selected community pharmacists in four areas (district or municipality) in East Java Province was designed. In-depth, semi-structured interviewed were conducted using a Capability-Opportunity-Motivation-Behaviour approach. All interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed ad verbatim, and thematically analysed. Data saturation was reached after interviewing 14 community pharmacists. All informants reported dispensing non-prescribed natural medicines. Nine had experienced dispensing prescribed natural medicines, mainly fulfilling paediatricians' requests. The most common information given was about product usage, while information about safety (i.e. side effects, interaction) was rarely provided. Although numerous registered natural medicines have been available, informants had low motivation to supply a variety of types, primarily because little opportunity to receive requests from doctors and the community. Limited capability due to a lack reliable source of information about natural medicines was another reason. Poor motivation to supply natural medicines was because community pharmacists had little opportunity for such requests and limited capability due to scarcity of information. This indicated support from natural medicine manufacturers, researchers, and the government is highly required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)875-880
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2021


  • community pharmacy
  • information
  • natural medicine


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