Cesarean delivery Characteristics during JKN Implementation

Sofia Al Farizi, Ernawati Ernawati, Erna W. Ernawaty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To compare the characteristics of cesarean before and during JKN, also analyzes the factors that influence these differences. Methods: This was a quantitative study with a longitudinal retrospective design and qualitative research used design case studies. The population were delivery women at the Banyuwangi referral hospital before and during JKN. The quantitative data were analyzed firstly by univariable and then bivariable. The bivariable analysis was performed by comparing the prevalence ratio (PR) between two variables. Results: The proportion of cesarean delivery had increased significantly during the implementation of JKN. 50% of maternal deaths before JKN gave birth using cesarean delivery, this proportion increased significantly to 60% during JKN. Indications of fraud committed by health workers to be a factor in increasing the proportion of cesarean delivery. Other contributing factors were repeated cesarean delivery, delayed referral, and the number of obstetric complications. Conclusion: There was an increase in the proportion of cesarean deliveries during the implementation of JKN. BPJS Kesehatan needed to re-evaluate the system they had created so far. The quality of service must be emphasized so that the negative impact on women could be minimized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-162
Number of pages6
JournalIndonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022


  • cesarean section
  • health insurance
  • maternal mortality


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