Cerebellar cavernoma excision with a preserved venous anomaly: A case report in girl 28-year-old

Muhammad Ari Irsyad, Fitra Fitra, Firman Adi Sanjaya, Nur Setiawan Suroto, Asra Al Fauzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction and importance: Cavernous malformations are congenital or acquired vascular abnormalities. They are uncommon entities with an incidence of 0.5 % of the general population and usually are unnoticed until a hemorrhagic event occurs. Cerebellar cavernomas (CCMs) account for 1.2 to 11.8 % of all intracranial cases and 9.3 to 52.9 % of all infratentorial cases. Cavernomas can be concurrently seen with developmental venous anomalies (DVAs) in 20 % (range 20 %–40 %) of cases, in which case they are known as mixed vascular malformations. Presentation of case: We report a case of a healthy young adult who presented with acute onset of headache, with characteristics of chronic headache that gets progressively worse. The patient complains of frequent dizziness when sitting and standing for a long time. Complaints have been felt for two years and have worsened for the past two weeks. Additional complaints are dizziness and nausea with intermittent episodes of vomiting for four days. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed an underlying cavernoma that had bled and a coexisting DVA. The patient was discharged home with no deficits. Outpatient follow-up two months later showed no symptoms or neurologic deficits. Clinical discussion: Cavernous malformations are congenital or acquired vascular anomalies that occur in approximately 0.5 % of the general population. Our patient likely had dizziness due to localization of the bleeding of the cavernoma on the left side of the cerebellum. In our patient, brain imaging revealed numerous abnormal blood vessels radiating from the cerebellar lesion, a highly suggestive of DVAs associated with cavernoma. Conclusion: A cavernous malformation is an uncommon entity that might coexist with deep venous anomalies, making management more challenging.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108332
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023


  • Cerebral cavernoma
  • Severe headache
  • Venous anomaly


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