Breastfeeding based on breastfeeding self-efficacy and social support in wonokromo surabaya

Fauziyatun Nisa, Nyoman Damayanti, Fendy Suhariadi, Yasi Anggasari, Ficky Erika Dewi, Diyah Arini, Firman Suryadi Rahman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: A mother, who has low self-confidence in her ability to provide exclusive breastfeeding, supported by culture and myth, thinks when a baby cries it means that the baby is hungry and breast milk only is not enough. Therefore, a lot of mothers decided to give banana, porridge, honey, and other additional foods. AIM: This research aimed to determine the relationship between breastfeeding self-efficacy (BSE) and social support with breastfeeding in Wonokromo, Surabaya. METHODS: This research was conducted through analytical design using cross-sectional approach. The research samples involved were 112 mothers who had baby aged 6–12 months old. Among them, 106 mothers were chosen as research respondents using simple random sampling technique. The independent variable of this research was BSE and social support, while the dependent variable was breastfeeding. Data were collected using a questionnaire, and then analyzed through Chi-Square test using SPSS program with the level of significance determined was α = 0.05. RESULTS: The results showed that most of the respondents had poor BSE (77.4%) and low social support (51.9%), as well as did not exclusively breastfeed (66.9%). Based on the Chi-square test, the value obtained was ρ-0.00 < α-0.05, so H0 rejected, indicating that there was a relationship between BSE and breastfeeding. Another value obtained was ρ-0.00 < α-0.05 so H0 rejected, which also means that there was a relationship between social support and breastfeeding. CONCLUSION: This outcome concluded that the better the BSE and higher social support, the higher level of breastfeeding without additional food. Therefore, we suggested that health workers and the community will be able to motivate mothers and provide social support in terms of providing breast milk to babies without additional food.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1026-1031
Number of pages6
JournalOpen Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Publication statusPublished - 26 Dec 2021


  • Breastfeeding self-efficacy
  • Maternal health
  • Social support


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