Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) is an effective procedure for correcting biliary obstructions. It can be performed under ultrasound and fluoroscopic equipment; however, it may entail serious complications, including bleeding, caused by arterial or venous injury. We present a 49-year-old man presented with a 1-month history of icterus, jaundice, dark urine, and right hypochondrial pain. MR imaging discovered a dilatation of the right intrahepatic bile duct due to obstruction by intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. PTBD procedure was performed in the right intrahepatic bile duct. After the pigtail drain device was inserted, the bile fluid color that came out from the pigtail turned sanguineous; nonetheless, the patient's hemodynamic was stable. Therefore, the second cholangiography was performed for evaluation. Some resistance was sensed during contrast injection into the bile duct, and the operator pushed the contrast media a little bit stronger and found a filling defect formed by a clot in the bile duct that suggested high suspicion of vessel injury. Although the patient's hemodynamics was still stable, the operator quickly decided to perform a hepatic arteriography procedure because bright red blood through the tube and a relatively rapid clot formed from the puncture point and distal drain, which were signs of hepatic artery injury. Hepatic arteriography confirmed the location of pseudoaneurysm caused by vessel trauma and arterio-intrahepatic bile duct fistulation. The embolization procedure was performed using PVA-300 into a ruptured hepatic artery branch through a microcatheter. Re-evaluation arteriography showed no pseudoaneurysm or arterio-intrahepatic bile duct fistulation after embolization.
- Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage