Bioremediation of wastewater using algae for potential renewable bioenergy cogeneration

Teh Sabariah Binti Abd Manan, Taimur Khan, Wan Hanna Melini Wan Mohtar, Affiani Machmudah, Denys Dutykh, Sobia Qazi, Amirrudin Ahmad, Nadiah Wan Rasdi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Wastewater contains both nutrients and hazardous chemical compounds depending on its source (i.e., refinery, domestic, urban, hospital, agriculture, and industry). Algae can convert wastewater contaminants and simultaneously generate oxygen via photosynthesis into less dangerous compounds. The integration of this biotechnology will be a complementary approach to the existing wastewater treatment plant, which uses either conventional or advanced oxidation processes to treat the wastewater. This book chapter discusses the application of this aquatic organism in live-cell forms for the bioremediation of wastewater. The subtopics discussed in this book chapter are algae classification, bioremediation of wastewater using algae, bioenergy cogeneration using algal biomass, and algal practicality and limitations. The practicality and advantages of algae in terms of carbon footprint reduction, as well as their limitations, are critically explored.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAlgal Biotechnology
Subtitle of host publicationIntegrated Algal Engineering for Bioenergy, Bioremediation, and Biomedical Applications
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9780323904766
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022


  • Algae
  • Biodiesel production
  • Biotechnology
  • Carbon footprints
  • Cultivation
  • Wastewater
  • Wastewater treatment


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