Bidan lewu as local determinant factors in pregnancy and childbirth care (Study in the Dayak Ngaju tribe in Kotawaringin Timur district)

Sigit Nurfianto, Usman Hadi, Windhu Purnomo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: he coverage of antenatal care was low in Kotawaringin Timur in 2019. The first visit during pregnancy (K1) was 81.20%, and the fourth visit during pregnancy (K4) was 74.50%, with a national visit standard of 95%. Kotawaringin Timur’s adolescent pregnancy rates reached 66.89%, higher than the other districts’ average rate in Central Kalimantan Province. The adolescent pregnant women had a low intention of antenatal care as much as 84.48% in 2019. Objective: This study aimed to analyze the local determinant factors that contribute to adolescent pregnant women’s intention in carrying out antenatal care. Methods: This study was qualitative research. The data were collected by a focus group discussion (FGD) method and in-depth interviews in four sub-districts of Kotawaringin Timur. The informant of this study was 45 people consisting of 44 adolescent pregnant women and one traditional leader (Damang). Data were processed using the self-view value domain method. Result: Adolescent pregnant women’s intentions during antenatal care were influenced by their responses to the availability and ability of people who help or assist the process of pregnancy and childbirth care. Adolescent pregnant women prefer traditional birth attendants or bidan lewu as their pregnancy nurses and childbirth assistants. It was triggered by the trust of adolescent pregnant women towards bidan lewu because they were more experienced, attentive, and patient in serving. The involvement of bidan lewu during pregnancy and childbirth has been used for generations. Conclusion: Some of the Local determinant factors related to pregnancy and childbirth care are the presence of bidan lewu who have been used for generations to treat pregnancy and assist in the childbirth process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3463-3467
Number of pages5
JournalIndian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020


  • Antenatal care
  • Determinant factors
  • Pregnant women’s intention


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