Association of Maternal Education With Nutritional Outcomes of Poor Children With Stunting in Indonesia

Nur Septia Handayani, Emy Huriyati, Mubasysyir Hasanbasri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The consequences of poverty and food insecurity can indirectly contribute to obesity. Long-term effect of stunting children may be the risk factor for overweight and obesity in the poor in Indonesia. The role of parental education is also associated with overweight and obesity in children. This study aimed to observe the risk of stunted children becoming overweight and obese based on maternal education among poor people in Indonesia. This study involved three cohorts design. Cohort 1 is a 14-year cohort, and two 7-year cohorts for cohorts 2 and 3. We used secondary longitudinal data from Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS) 3 (2000), IFLS 4 (2007), and IFLS 5 (2014). After stratification by high maternal education and economic status of the family, there is an increased risk of stunting children becoming overweight and obese, with a risk ratio of 2 in cohort 1 and 1.69 in cohort 2. These results showed that stunted children with high-education mothers and lived in the low-income families have a 1.69 to 2 times higher risk of becoming overweight and obese. Thus, the importance of primary education and health education for women to increase children’s health in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-380
Number of pages8
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023


  • IFLS
  • maternal education
  • overweight and obesity
  • poverty
  • stunting


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