Association of hunting behavior and malaria incidence: A cross sectional study on nuaulu tribe community in mesoendemic area of malaria

Nur Baharia Marasabessy, Oedojo Soedirham, Yoes Prijatna Dachlan

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: The Nuaulu tribe is one of the indigenous tribes in Maluku Province, Indonesia which becomes the area of malaria endemics. This tribe still adheres to the customs and habits of its ancestors, one of which is hunting. It is carried out to fulfill the needs of life and the implementation of traditional rituals performed from afternoon to morning or days in the forest, depending on the obtained sustenance. The hunting location in a forest that is far from the residential area. Hunters are often exposed to mosquitoes from entering the forest to returning home. Objective: this study aims to reveal the profile of TNF-α and IL-10 related to hunting habits in tribal community in malaria mesoendemic area. Method: Cross sectional study was conducted in Sepa Village, Indonesia during July-August 2019. Each subject was asked to complete a questionnaire asking about demographic and the desired study factor. Laboratory evaluations used thick and thin blood films were prepared from venous blood, stained with Giemsa stain, and examined by two microscopists for detection of malarial parasites and parasite species. Inclusion criteria were being aged 18 years ≥ n ≤60 years, being a resident of Sepa Village and being willing to participate in the study. A total of 84 subjects were included in this study. Result: 40 subjects were with hunting activities and 44 were not. Only three subjects (3,6%) were positive malaria. We found no significant association (p=0,243) between hunting behavior and malaria incidence, even no malaria sufferers in subjects with hunting behavior. We found significant association (p=0,000) between hunting behavior and gender. Conclusion: our study showed that hunting behavior did not cause malaria incidence in the Nuaulu Tribe community. Malaria sufferers were only found in non-hunting groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)792-796
Number of pages5
JournalIndian Journal of Public Health Research and Development
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2019


  • Hunting behavior
  • Malaria incidence
  • Nuaulu
  • Tribe


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