1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: Permanent hemodialysis access comes with a myriad of problems on top of the well-known benefits; flow disturbances, risk of infection and revision being among them. All of these could eventually lead to impaired cardiac function. Even so, the relationship between impaired cardiac function due to arteriovenous access in patients undergoing hemodialysis has not been clearly described. This study aimed to analyze the relationship of flow in an artificial arteriovenous access with left and right ventricular function in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing hemodialysis at a referral hospital in Indonesia. Material and methods: This was a cross sectional study with consecutive sampling technique. Samples were patients with CKD undergoing hemodialysis at Dr. Soetomo General Hospital from December 2021to January 2022. A total of 47 patients who met the inclusion criteria underwent Doppler ultrasound to assess arteriovenous access flow and transthoracic echocardiography to assess left and right ventricle function. Results: From 47 patients, 26 (55.3%) had high arteriovenous access flow. The clinical characteristics of the patients between the high and low arteriovenous access flow groups were not significantly different. We found that the value of left ventricular ejection fraction in the non-high-flow access group was significantly higher than the high-flow access group (p < 0.05). Other than that, the median right ventricle fractional area changes in the non-high-flow access group was also higher than the high-flow access group (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Arteriovenous access flow as measured by Doppler ultrasonography has a significant relationship with impaired left and right ventricular functions based on systolic function parameters from echocardiography.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103649
JournalAnnals of Medicine and Surgery
Publication statusPublished - May 2022


  • Arteriovenous anastomosis
  • Hemodialysis
  • Left ventricular function
  • Right ventricular function


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