Assessment of Characteristics, Sources, and Anxiety Levels in Women with Single Parent Status during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Taty Hernawaty, Suryani Suryani, Kusman Ibrahim, Praneed Songwathana, Hidayat Arifin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic had an impact on people globally, including mothers living in coastal regions. Therefore, this study aims at identifying the psychological status of single mothers living in the coastal regions of Indonesia. METHODS: A descriptive quantitative cross-sectional design was used with non-probability sampling in coastal regions of West Java, Indonesia. Furthermore, the Zung Self Rating Anxiety Scale was used to assess the anxiety level of single mothers. RESULTS: The anxiety of single mothers during the COVID-19 pandemic was generally moderate (n = 45.77.59%), with 44.83% attributing it to health and the economy. Furthermore, previous results showed that this condition was observed in the elderly (n = 38.65.52%), though it lasted <5 years in the majority of cases (n = 33.56.90%). Symptoms associated with the anxiety of single mothers during the pandemic include an increase in restlessness, nervousness, and anxiety. CONCLUSION: The economy and health of single mothers were the primary sources of anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic. A high percentage of these women suffer from mild anxiety and require immediate care to prevent the development of other health problems. Therefore, health cadres and community nurses are expected to take action to achieve optimal psychological welfare among single mothers during the pandemic. Further study can be conducted by focusing on the theme of defense mechanisms or resilience.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-43
Number of pages4
JournalOpen Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Issue numberT6
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Anxiety
  • Coronavirus disease 2019
  • Pandemic
  • Single parent
  • Women


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