Application of Genetic Engineering for Increasing Biofuel Yield from Microalgae: A Review

Almando Geraldi, Haanadzi Shefia Syarafa, Eka Febriana, Primanita Nur Maulidah Setianingsih, Elok Tamamia, Arghi Kinanthya Rifatullah Al Hanif, Anastasya Nabila Putri Soelistyo, Anggie Septiani

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Nowadays, non-renewable energy mainly deriving from fossil fuels is known to cause carbon dioxide emissions and contribute to climate change and global warming. There has been another energy source founded to be a better eco-friendly alternative. So far, studies show that microalgae are considered a potential source to play a role in third-generation biofuel feedstocks. The reason why microalgae is a better alternative is due to the many advantages. One of the advantages is the size of space to grow because microalgae require less land area than the biofuels from food crops. An outcome of microalgae is the production of lipids. Data proves that microalgae are a biomass source to receive massive production in oil content and yield. Microalgae biomass with increased amount of biomass and lipids yield are being used to produce biofuel and biogas. Microalgae cultivation is also being integrated with other technologies, such as carbon capture systems. The purpose of genetically engineering microalgae biomass is to increase production and obtain more oil content from the microalgae. To obtain greater biomass yield, genetically engineered microalgae has been proven to be a better alternative. However, genetically engineered microalgae also pose some risks, such as horizontal gene transfer and outcompeting wild-type strains. Therefore, field testing and close monitoring are much needed to ensure the application of bioethical principles.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication1st International Conference on Neuroscience and Learning Technology, ICONSATIN 2021
EditorsArika Indah Kristiana, Ridho Alfarisi
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735443006
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jan 2023
Event1st International Conference on Neuroscience and Learning Technology, ICONSATIN 2021 - Jember, Indonesia
Duration: 18 Sept 202119 Sept 2021

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2679
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference1st International Conference on Neuroscience and Learning Technology, ICONSATIN 2021
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CityJember
Period18/09/2119/09/21

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