Antimicrobial activities of the extracts and secondary metabolites from Clausena genus – A review

Abdullahi Musa, Nanik Siti Aminah, Olabisi Flora Davies-Bolorunduro, Alfinda Novi Kristanti, Suhaili, Amalina Izzatul Islami, Theint Su Wai, Thae Thae Su Pyae Naing

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Antimicrobial drug resistance has become a global challenge and one of utmost concern due to the global epidemiological infections. Medicinal plants have long performed an essential role in medicine and can be an essential source of recent antimicrobials and techniques for treating resistance. Clausena is a genus in the Rutaceae family which are widely recognized and utilized in traditional medicines. Many members of this genus have been a primary source of medications and drug history. The antimicrobial effectiveness of the secondary metabolites from the roots, stems, leaves, rhizomes, twigs, seeds, fruits, and flowers of several Clausena species has been widely examined and was found to be more effective against bacteria with Clausena anisata being the most promising specie. A total of 16 active compounds including 12 alkaloids, 2 coumarins, and 2 terpenoids were reported to be isolated from different parts of the plant species with mukonal being the only compound that shows dual potency both against fungi and protozoa. This review aims to sum up research advances made from 2000 to date, on the antibacterial, antifungal, and antiprotozoal activities of Clausena species, and highlight the potential use of Clausena plants in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)627-650
Number of pages24
JournalOpen Chemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022


  • Clausena
  • antibacterial
  • antifungal
  • antimicrobial
  • infectious diseases


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