Antihepatitis C virus activity of indonesian mahogany (Toona Sureni)

Achmad Fuad Hafid, Tutik Sri Wahyuni, Lidya Tumewu, Evhy Apryani, Adita Ayu Permanasari, Myrna Adianti, Chie Aoki Utsubo, Aty Widyawaruyanti, Maria Inge Lusida, Soetjipto, Hiroyuki Fuchino, Nobuo Kawahara, Hak Hotta

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: Toona sureni (Indonesian mahogany) is a member of Meliaceae family and locally known as suren. Previous study reported that T. sureni leaves extract exhibited antiviral activity with 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) value of 13.9 ± 1.6 µg/ml against hepatitis C virus (HCV) J6/JFH1. Cytotoxicity analysis of T. sureni leaves extract did not reveal any cytotoxicity effect; therefore, further study was taken to investigate the active substances from the extract. Methods: Bioassay-guided isolation of anti-HCV was conducted using Huh-7.5 cells infected with HCV J6/JFH1 in the presence of extracts, fractions, or compounds from the plant. Results: Ethyl acetate fraction (Fr E) exhibited high anti-HCV activity with IC50 value of 1.7 µg/ml. Further, separation of Fr E by open column chromatography resulted in nine sub-fractions (sub-Fr E1-E9). Sub-Fr E3 and E4 have IC50 value of 29.90 µg/ml and 7.68 µg/ml, respectively. Polyphenols compounds have been isolated from sub-Fr E3 and E4. The structures have been determined to be ethyl gallate (1), methyl gallate (2), catechin (3), gallic acid (4), and quercetin 3-O-rhamnoside (5). Among the isolated compounds, gallic acid showed to possess strong anti-HCV activity with IC50 value of 15.9 µg/ml. Conclusion: T. sureni and its isolated compound, gallic acid, may be good candidates to develop for alternative and/or complementary agents of anti-HCV infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-90
Number of pages4
JournalAsian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018


  • Antihepatitis C virus
  • Gallic acid
  • Leaves extract
  • Polyphenols
  • Toona sureni


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