Analysis of White Feces Disease (WFD) caused by Vibrio sp. and Dinoflagellata in Vannamei Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) in Brackishwater Culture Pond

Moh Awaludin Adam, Irawati Mei Widiastuti, Ernawati, Achmad Yani Yayan, Era Insivitawati, Yuliana, Rini Fitriasari Pakaya, Agoes Soegianto, Ach Khumaidi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Shrimp disease that currently causes economic loss to shrimp farmers is White Feces Disease (WFD). This disease appeared due to several factors, such as poor pond management, unhealthy shrimp seed, and poor water quality which resulted in the appearance of Vibrio sp. bacteria and Dinoflagellata. This study aimed to analyze the cause of WFD outbreak in vannamei shrimp pond. The study method through direct experiment was applied in shrimp pond. Sampling was performed three times in each feeding tray to collect ten shrimps. Overall, sampling was performed twice a week. The Sample Survey Method was used to collect sample in this study. Result of study showed that clinical symptom was observed through changes in pattern and behavior of vannamei shrimp during culture. However, this observation resulted in insignificant data. Vannamei shrimp infected WFD tended to swim slower and often rose to the surface with body color turned red. Moreover, total organic matter (TOM) increased on week-7 along with the increasing growth of plankton, particularly from the Dinoflagellata group. However, bacterial growth of Vibrio sp. on week-7 was insignificant, yet many shrimps were found dead with white feces during that period. The result of analysis indicated that white feces disease was caused by Dinoflagellata besides the main trigger, namely, Vibrio sp.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-166
Number of pages7
JournalJurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Clinical Symptom
  • Dinoflagellata
  • TOM
  • Vibrio sp.
  • White Feces

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