The incision method operation with a high risk of infection in a clean and clean-contaminated operation requires the use of prophylactic antibiotics to minimize the risk of infection. This study was designed to analyze the effectiveness of prophylactic antibiotics in patients with digestive and oncology surgeries. The statistical method used was chi-square to determine the risk factors for infection at surgical site infections (SSI) in patients with digestive and oncology surgeries. This study had received ethical approval from the Ethics Committee of Dr. H. Slamet Martodirdjo Hospital, Pamekasan. There were 67 patients consisted of 48 digestive surgeries (71.6%) and 19 oncology surgeries (28.4%). The criteria of observation on day 30 showed that as 1 (1.5%) SSI patient experienced purulence, inflammation, and erythema around the surgical wound so an analysis of p>0.05 was carried out so that there was no association with the incidence of SSI during hospitalization, but other factors originating from the patient, such as a lack of personal hygiene at home and lack of nutritious food intake was measured in temperature, pulse, respiration, and white blood cells examination before surgery and 24 h after surgery, all within normal ranges. The qualitative analysis of prophylactic antibiotics using the Gyssen method showed that 31 (46.3%) rationales needed an improvement process. The widely used prophylactic antibiotics, namely cefazolin and cefuroxime are recommended antibiotics used in incision surgery and rationale used.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2021|
- prophylactic antibiotics