TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysis of the Model Reduction Using Singular Perturbation Approximation on Unstable and Non-Minimal Discrete-Time Linear Systems and Its Applications

AU - Arif, D. K.

AU - Fatmawati,

AU - Adzkiya, D.

AU - Mardlijah,

AU - Fadhilah, H. N.

AU - Aditya, P.

N1 - Funding Information:
This work has been supported by Penelitian Unggulan Perguruan Tinggi number 630/PKS/ITS/2017 and number 128/SP2H/PTNBH/DRPM/2018 with the title of Es-timasi Ketinggian dan Kecepatan Aliran Air Sungai dengan Filter Kalman Tereduksi Metode Residual.
Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 InforMath Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - In the natural phenomena, many systems are unstable and non-minimal. Moreover, the systems in the universe often have large order. Therefore, we need to simplify the order of the system without any significant errors. Simplification of this system can be done using the reduction of the model. Model reduction can only be done on the stable and minimal system. Thus, we need a model reduction for unstable and non-minimal systems. There are many model reduction methods in the literature, for example, a balanced truncation method and a singular perturbation approximation. In this work, we propose a method to reduce unstable and non-minimal systems by using the singular perturbation approximation (SPA). First, we decompose the unstable system into a stable subsystem and an unstable subsystem. Then, if the stable subsystem is non-minimal, we apply the minimization process to obtain a stable subsystem that is minimal. Next, we apply the singular perturbation approximation to the stable and minimal subsystem to obtain a reduced subsystem. Finally, we obtain a total reduced model by combining the unstable subsystem and the reduced subsystem. Then we apply the method to shallow water equations. Based on the simulation results, frequency response of the original system and the reduced minimal system using the SPA method has similarity in low frequency, but in high frequency the value tends to be different. Furthermore, the error bound of the SPA and the balanced truncation method is almost the same. c 2019 InforMath Publishing Group/1562-8353 (print)/1813-7385 (online)/http://e-ndst.kiev.ua362.

AB - In the natural phenomena, many systems are unstable and non-minimal. Moreover, the systems in the universe often have large order. Therefore, we need to simplify the order of the system without any significant errors. Simplification of this system can be done using the reduction of the model. Model reduction can only be done on the stable and minimal system. Thus, we need a model reduction for unstable and non-minimal systems. There are many model reduction methods in the literature, for example, a balanced truncation method and a singular perturbation approximation. In this work, we propose a method to reduce unstable and non-minimal systems by using the singular perturbation approximation (SPA). First, we decompose the unstable system into a stable subsystem and an unstable subsystem. Then, if the stable subsystem is non-minimal, we apply the minimization process to obtain a stable subsystem that is minimal. Next, we apply the singular perturbation approximation to the stable and minimal subsystem to obtain a reduced subsystem. Finally, we obtain a total reduced model by combining the unstable subsystem and the reduced subsystem. Then we apply the method to shallow water equations. Based on the simulation results, frequency response of the original system and the reduced minimal system using the SPA method has similarity in low frequency, but in high frequency the value tends to be different. Furthermore, the error bound of the SPA and the balanced truncation method is almost the same. c 2019 InforMath Publishing Group/1562-8353 (print)/1813-7385 (online)/http://e-ndst.kiev.ua362.

KW - Model reduction

KW - Non-minimal systems

KW - Singular perturbation approximation

KW - Unstable systems

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85087394287&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85087394287

SN - 1562-8353

VL - 19

SP - 362

EP - 371

JO - Nonlinear Dynamics and Systems Theory

JF - Nonlinear Dynamics and Systems Theory

IS - 3

ER -