The widespread use of inappropriate prophylactic antibiotics in urological surgery patients can increase the risk of resistance and development of postoperative infection. This study was aimed to analyze the quality of prophylactic antibiotics use and identify the risk factor of postoperative nosocomial infection in urological surgery patients. Observational prospective data were obtained from patients' medical records. Data were the pattern of prophylactic antibiotic use in surgical patients' urology in Dr. H. Slamet Martodirdjo Hospital, Pamekasan, for the period of April-June 2020. Inclusion criteria included patients hospitalized with urological surgery and received prophylactic antibiotics before surgery. Exclusion criteria consisted of medical records that were incomplete, and the patient disagreed to participate in the research. Analysis qualitative antibiotic prophylactic used the Gyssens method and risk factor used Chi square. Seventeen patients were not administered for antibiotic prophylactic and nine patients with skin incision were observed to determine the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) and 55 patients with urethral incision were observed to determine the incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) postoperative. There was no incidence of SSI and there were three incidences of UTI. The qualitative analysis of the Gyssens method showed that category-0 was of 51 (79.7%) and category-I was of 13 (20.31%). The quality of the use of prophylactic antibiotics with the Gyssens method shows that there is an appropriate category (category-0) and a few are in category-I (inappropriate administration time) and no incidence of surgical wound infection.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2021|
- Gyssens analysis
- antibiotic prophylactic
- risk factors infection