Analysis of prognostic factors in soft tissue sarcoma: Cancer registry from a single tertiary hospital in Indonesia. A retrospective cohort study

Ferdiansyah Mahyudin, Mouli Edward, Muhammad Hardian Basuki, Yunus Basrewan, Kukuh Dwiputra Hernugrahanto, Adhinanda Gema Wahyudiputra

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Soft tissue sarcoma is one cause of mortality in adult malignancies. This tumor is rare, persistent, and highly-recurrent. Many patients are came in late stage. It is important to identify a prognostic tool that is reliable, easily obtainable, and widely applicable. The aim of this study is to investigate and analyze the prognostic value of clinicopathological and biomarker factors in patients with soft tissue sarcoma. Methods: This retrospective study extracts data from the musculoskeletal tumor registry from January 2012 to December 2018 in a single tertiary hospital. Eighty patients with diagnosis of soft tissue sarcoma were included. Preoperative modified Glasgow Prognostic Score, Neutrophils/Lymphocytes Ratio, Hemoglobin, serum lactate dehydrogenase data were analyzed along with demographic, clinical, radiological and histopathological data. The relationship between variables on overall survival, distant metastasis, and local recurrence were evaluated using univariate and multivariate Cox regression. Results: On univariate analysis, there was significant relationship between hemoglobin, Neutrophils/Lymphocytes Ratio and modified Glasgow Prognostic Score with overall survival (p = 0.031, HR = 1.99; p = 0.04, HR = 1.129; and p = 0.044, HR = 3.89). A significant relationship was found between age and soft tissue sarcoma stage with distant metastasis (p = 0.046, HR = 1.95; and p = 0.00, HR = 3.22). In addition, we also found significant relationship between surgical margin with local recurrence (p = 0.018, OR = 3.44). However, on multivariate analysis the independent prognostic factor for overall survival was only modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (HR = 2.138; p = 0.011). Stage IIIA (HR = 5.32; p = 0.005) and IIIB (HR = 13.48; p = 0.00) were independent prognostic for distant metastasis. Surgical margin was independently associated with local recurrence (HR = 14.84; p = 0.001). Conclusion: Modified Glasgow Prognostic Score can be used as prognostic tool of overall survival in soft tissue sarcoma patients. Moreover, stage of STS and surgical margin can be used as a prognostic factor for distant metastasis and local recurrence of soft tissue sarcoma respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-263
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Medicine and Surgery
Volume57
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2020

Keywords

  • Distant metastasis
  • Local recurrence
  • Modified glasgow prognostic score
  • Neutrophils/lymphocytes ratio
  • Overall survival
  • Soft tissue sarcoma

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