Defects in the dura matter can be caused by head injury, and many cases require neurosurgeons to use artificial dura matter. Bovine pericardium is an option due to its abundant availability, adjustable size and characteristics, and because it has more collagen than porcine or equine pericardia. Nevertheless, the drawback of bovine pericardium is that it has a higher inflammatory effect than other synthetic dura matters. Chitosan has been shown to have a strong anti-inflammatory effect and has good tensile strength; thus, the idea was formulated to use chitosan as a coating for bovine pericardium. This study used decellularized bovine pericardial membranes with 0.5% sodium dodecyl sulphate and coatings containing chitosan at concentrations of 0.25%, 0.5%, 0.75%, and 1%. An FTIR test showed the presence of a C=N functional group as a bovine pericardium–chitosan bond. Morphological tests of the 0.25% and 0.5% chitosan concentrations showed standard pore sizes. The highest tensile strength percentage was shown by the membrane with a chitosan concentration of 1%. The highest degradation rate of the membrane was observed on the 7th and 14th days for 0.75% and 1% concentrations, and the lowest swelling ratio was observed for the 0.25% concentration. The highest level of cell viability was found for 0.75% chitosan. The bovine pericardium membrane with a 0.75% concentration chitosan coating was considered the optimal sample for use as artificial dura matter.

Original languageEnglish
Article number488
JournalJournal of Functional Biomaterials
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023


  • bovine pericardium
  • chitosan
  • dural substitute


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