Aerenchyma tissue development and gas-pathway structure in root of Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh.

Hery Purnobasuki, Mitsuo Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


The aerenchyma differentiation in cable roots, pneumatophores, anchor roots, and feeding roots of the mangrove plant, Avicennia marina (Verbenaceae) was analyzed using a light microscope and scanning electron microscope. In all types, cortex cells were arranged in longitudinal columns extending from the endodermis to the epidermis. No cells in the cortex had intercellular spaces at the root tip (0-150 μm), and aerenchyma started developing at 200 μm from the root apex. The aerenchyma formation was due to cell separation (schizogeny) rather than cell lysis. The cell separation occurred between the longitudinal cell columns, forming long intercellular spaces along the root axis. During aerenchyma formation, the cortex cells enlarged longitudinally by 1.8-3.9 times and widened horizontally by 2.2-2.9 times. As a result, the aerenchyma had a pronounced tubular structure that was radially long, elliptical or oval in cross section and that ran parallel to the root axis. The tube had tapering ends, as did vessel elements, although there were no perforated plates. The interconnection between neighboring tubes was made by abundant small pores or canals that were schizogenous intercellular spaces between the wall cells. All aerenchyma tubes in the root were interconnected by these small pores serving as a gas pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-294
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Plant Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2005


  • Aerenchyma
  • Avicennia marina
  • Cortex cells
  • Radial pores
  • Schizogeny


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