Adjuvant Therapy of Syzygium cumini Leaf and Fruit Extract Nanoparticles to Histopathological Changes of Mice Organ with Malaria

Lilik Maslachah, Thomas V. Widiyatno, Nusdianto Triakoso, Suwarno, P. Koesnoto, Nanda Ayu Narulita, Mahendra Pujiyanto, Zerlinda Dyah Ayu, Dita Nurkurnia Putri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Plasmodium infection can cause serious complications such as damage to internal organs. The purpose of this study was determining the effect of nanoparticles adjuvant therapy of Syzygium cumini leaf and fruit extract to histopathological changes of mice organ with malaria. Methods: The study used 70 Swiss Albino mice, weighing 20g-30g, 2.5 months old. The study was divided into 7 treatment groups as follows K0: not infected, K+: infected but untreated, K1: infected and treat with chloroquine, K2: infected and treated with Syzygium cumini leaf extract, K3: infected and treated with Syzygium cumini fruit extract, P1: infected and treated with nanoparticles Syzygium cumini leaf extract, P2: infected and treated with combination of nanoparticles leaf extract of Syzygium cumini and chloroquine, P3: infected and treated with nanoparticles Syzygium cumini fruit extract, P4: infected and treated with combination of nanoparticles fruit extract of Syzygium cumini and chloroquine. The infection dose was 1x10-5 Plasmodium berghei in 0.2 ml. Treatment was done for 4 days, 24 hours after infection. Data were analyzed by Kruskal Wallis and continued with the Mann Whitney test. The results showed that the most severe organ damage was in the K+ group and the lightest was the K0 group. The P2 and P4 groups showed a decrease in organ damage which was not significantly different from the K0 group (p> 0.05). Meanwhile, K +, K1, K2, K3, P1 and P3 groups showed significant differences (p> 0.05) with K0. Conclusion: nanoparticles extract of Syzygium cumini leaf and fruit as an adjuvant therapy can reduce liver, kidney, lung and brain damage of mice infected with Plasmodium berghei.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-394
Number of pages6
JournalResearch Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Malarial Infection
  • Nanoparticles
  • Organ Damage
  • Syzygium cumini

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