Adaptive instrumentation of root canals in primary teeth using XP-endo shaper: a case series

Bhagyashree Thakur, Ajinkya M. Pawar, Dian Agustin Wahjuningrum, Rodolfo Reda, Francesco Pagnoni, Luca Testarelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Dental caries is indeed the biggest cause of tooth loss, particularly in the primary dentition. In primary teeth with carious pulp involvements, endodontic intervention in the form of pulpotomy (removal of only the coronal pulp) or pulpectomy (removal of coronal and radicular pulp) is advocated. Pulpectomy can be laborious and time-consuming, especially when using traditional hand endodontic files to shape root canals. In paediatric dentistry, motorised nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) rotary instrumentation has proved significant in enhancing the quality of pulpectomy. In primary dentition, however, these files may leave more than half of the root canals unaltered by instrumentation, just as they do in permanent dentition. The XP-endo® Shaper is a revolutionary heat-dependent endodontic file that uses an asymmetrical rotating motion to address the maximum area of the root canal space, resulting in anatomic root canal instrumentation. The case series describes the use of this novel XP-endo® Shaper file for anatomic root canal instrumentation in primary molars with irreversible pulpitis. The purpose is to demonstrate the efficacy and advantages of this cutting-edge endodontic treatment method. This case series can be an informative resource for other endodontic specialists by providing a practical illustration of how adaptable instrumentation can be utilised to successfully treat a patient. In conclusion, The use of the XP-endo Shaper® for pulpectomy demonstrated faster and instrumentation that was confined with the original shape of the canals, although further research is required to fully utilise these findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-175
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023


  • Anatomic instrumentation
  • Primary teeth
  • Pulpectomy
  • Rotary files
  • XP-endo® shaper


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