Adapting to People With Schizophrenia: A Phenomenological Study on a Rural Society in Indonesia

Retno Lestari, Ah Yusuf, Rachmat Hargono, Febri Endra Budi Setyawan, Ridhoyanti Hidayah, Ahsan Ahsan

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: The growing prevalence of schizophrenia in Indonesia requires the consideration of the families, caregivers, health care professionals, and the entire society, to serve as a support and coping resource for the patients. The process of recovery is rather difficult, especially in the absence of a decent place to live. Hence, there is the need to provide a supportive environment that facilitates recuperation from psychotic symptoms, enhances interaction with others, promotes self-expression of thoughts and feelings, and helps deal with daily stress and challenges. There are currently no studies on the framework of societal adaptation for people with schizophrenia (PWS). The aim of this research, therefore, was to explore the experiences of rural society inhabitants in adapting to PWS in Indonesia. Methods: The study uses a qualitative research design and implements an interpretive phenomenological approach. A total of ten society members were recruited from the community by purposive sampling, and the in-depth interviews conducted were audio-recorded and transcribed. In addition, thematic analysis was carried out using the interpretive phenomenological analysis method. Results: The majority of the participants assumed that PWS prompt the feeling of alertness over fear. In addition, the participants revealed a feeling of indecisiveness in related situations and emphasized the value of keeping up traditional beliefs and practices and the effectiveness of a demonstration of indifference. They explained the need to combine traditional and modern health practices as recommended by the spiritual leaders. Conclusion: Societal adaptation to PWS entails the understanding of how to deal with the disease’s uncertainty and complexity. It is important to create a supportive environment to promote mental health and wellbeing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-37
Number of pages7
JournalIndian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • adapt
  • people with schizophrenia
  • phenomenological study
  • rural society


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