Achieving open defecation free (ODF) in Indonesia by 2019 is closely monitored by the Government of Indonesia (GoI) as it is targeted in the RPJMN (national mid-year term). This achievement is also targeted at Surabaya City as the second largest city in Indonesia. There are still 15.527 houses in Surabaya which do not have proper sanitation system or still practicing open defecation. This study is aimed to assess how ODF would be achieved in Surabaya by 2019; including what type of toilets are to be used. A household survey was conducted to locate and assess the condition of those houses. Survey results show that 12.772 houses still practice defecation in the open area. These houses comprise of legal and illegal houses which are 5.586 and 7.186, respectively. Priority is given to legal houses as they are manageable to be given toilet under Surabaya's regulation procedure. Based on the available technologies to construct sanitation system then there will be 2.833 individual septic tank, 419 communal septic tanks, 15 communal toilet with bathing and washing (MCK), 12 communal wastewater treatment, and 1 centralized system in Keputih Sub-district of Surabaya to be constructed to set free these legal houses from open defecation practices.
|Journal||IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 21 Nov 2019|
|Event||2nd International Conference on Green Civil and Environmental Engineering, GCEE 2019 - Malang, East Java, Indonesia|
Duration: 4 Sept 2019 → 6 Sept 2019