Acacia mangium: A promising plant for isolating anti-hepatitis C virus agents

Tutik Sri Wahyuni, Nida S. Sukma, Adita A. Permanasari, Chie Aoki-Utsubo, Aty Widyawaruyanti, Achmad Fuad Hafid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Medicinal plants are potential resources for isolating drug candidates. Various plants have been reported to possess pharmacological effects including anti-hepatitis C activities. The current study examined the anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) activities of Acacia mangium extracts in solvents with various polarities and further evaluated the mechanism of action of the extracts using Western blotting and combination treatment models. Methods: The leaves of A. mangium were extracted in two phases, first in ethanol and then in solvents with different polarities (n-hexane, dichloromethane, and methanol). HCV-infected Huh7it-1 cells were treated with the extracts at concentrations of 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, 50, and 100 µg/mL. Results: The results revealed the strong anti-HCV activities of the extracts. The 50% inhibition concentrations (IC 50s) of the ethanol, n-hexane, dichloromethane and methanol extracts were of 4.6 ± 0.3, 2.9 ± 0.2, 0.2 ± 0.3, and 2.8 ± 0.2 μg/mL, respectively, and no cytotoxic effect was detected. These extracts displayed stronger effects than the positive control ribavirin. The mode of action of the ethanol extract was evaluated at 30 µg/mL, revealing that the inhibitory effect was stronger on the post-entry step than on the entry step. Western blotting revealed that the extracts decreased NS3 protein expression, indicating that virus replication was suppressed. Further evaluation illustrated that combined treatment with the ethanol extract enhanced the anti-viral activity of simeprevir. Conclusions: These results indicated that A. mangium leaves could represent sources of anti-HCV agents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1452
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Acacia mangium
  • health
  • hepatitis C virus
  • infectious disease
  • medicinal plant
  • medicine


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