A Systematic Review of Supportive Therapy Effect on Quality of Life in Cancer Patients

Suharyono Suhayono, Suhendra Agung Wibowo, Ira Purnamasari, Tintin Sukartini, La Rahmat Wabula

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Introduction: Supportive therapy is considered an important element in the treatment of cancer patients which is often associated with efforts to overcome life-threatening problems. However, the application of this intervention in clinical practice has not yet been fully carried out. This systematic review summarizes the evidence regarding the effect of supportive therapy in improving the quality of life (QoL) of cancer patients. Methods: The review was performed according to PRISMA guidelines. We searched four electronic databases to identify studies comparing patients who received specific protocol interventions with the control group. The keywords used are "Supportive Therapy" AND "Palliative Supportive Care" AND "Quality of Life" OR "Health Quality" OR "Health-Related Quality of Life". The articles taken were published between 2016 and 2020. Then 117,011 articles were obtained, consisting of 2,554 articles from PubMed, 570 articles from Scopus, 25,748 articles from ScienceDirect, and 88,139 from ProQuest. Fifteen studies were included with title and abstract inclusion criteria following the desired topic. Methodological quality was assessed using the Downs and Black tool. Supportive therapy includes pain management, nutrition, elimination, blood index, and self-efficacy toward improving the quality of life of cancer patients, including symptom management counseling, complementary and Integrative Medicine (CIM), disease preferences, prognostic perceptions, health status, emotional support, social needs and spiritual, and can be seen from the difference in the ability of cancer patients in the intervention and control groups. Results: In the study, the average quality of life assessment was carried out at 12 weeks and six months after the intervention. Seven7 of the 15 studies used QLQ-C30 to measure the quality of life of patients with cancer, which was managed to validate and assess the quality of life in patients with cancer, whereas of the 15 studies evaluating results reported, patients reported differences in favor of the intervention group. Conclusion: The overall methodology quality is good. Several comparative studies have evaluated the impact of supportive therapy on the quality of life of cancer patients. The quality of this study is good and the results are acceptable in improving the quality of life of cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy treatment, and palliative care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-207
Number of pages11
JournalJurnal Ners
Issue number1 Special Issue
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jul 2020


  • cancer patients
  • quality of life (QoL)
  • supportive therapy


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