A retrospective cross-sectional study of urinary tract infections and prevalence of antibiotic resistant pathogens in patients with diabetes mellitus from a public hospital in Surabaya, Indonesia

Norafika, Novita Arbianti, Septiyani Prihatiningsih, Dwi Wahyu Indriani, Dwi Wahyu Indriati

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease that can cause many complications. The occurrence of urinary tract infection is also considered to be the cause of complications in patients with DM. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of urinary tract infection (UTI) and antibiotic-resistant bacteria found in urine culture from patients with DM in Surabaya, Indonesia. Methods This study was conducted with a retrospective cross-sectional study design, using a database of 1551 patients with DM admitted to Haji Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia, from January 2017 to December 2018. Data regarding the bacteria isolated from urine and antimicrobial sensitivity were analyzed. Results The prevalence of UTI was 3.93%-61 patients were confirmed with urine culture for UTI diagnosis. The predominant isolates found were Escherichia coli (24.5%) and Enterococcus faecalis (8%). This study also showed multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) found in UTI such as Escherichia coli MDRO (3.3 %), Klebsiella pneumoniae MDRO (3.3%), Acinetobacter baumannii MDRO (1.6%), extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) Escherichia coli (3.3%). The E. coli were sensitive to fosfomycin (93%), meropenem (93%) and nitrofurantoin (67%). No significant difference in the prevalence of UTI was found among ages, sex, and duration of disease in all patients with DM. Conclusions The cases of UTI seen in patients with DM show the importance of monitoring UTI occurrence in this patient category to ensure better treatment for these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-166
Number of pages10
JournalGERMS
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Enterococcus faecalis
  • Escherichia coli
  • UTI

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