A PSO-TVAC for optimal installation of multiple distributed generations in a radial distribution system

Hazwani Mohd Rosli, Syahirah Abd Halim, Lilik Jamilatul Awalin, Seri Mastura Mustaza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The integration of distributed generations (DGs) into distribution system networks has seen a significant increase owing to the depletion of conventional energy resources and the growing power demand. However, a high penetration of DGs can adversely affect the stability of the distribution networks due to the intermittent nature of their generation capabilities. Hence, it is crucial to design DGs optimally to support grid voltage regulation and improve distribution networks performance. This study utilizes a particle swarm optimization (PSO) with time-varying acceleration coefficients (PSO-TVAC) technique to optimize the location and size of various distributed generation units while minimizing the total active power loss. The initial system power loss was determined using a distribution load flow analysis based on the backward-forward technique. The PSO-TVAC algorithm was then employed to identify the optimal placement and sizing of DGs within the standard IEEE 33-bus radial distribution network. To assess the proposed algorithm's effectiveness, photovoltaic (PV) and wind turbine (WT) were considered as the DGs. In comparison with other algorithms, PSO-TVAC achieved the lowest power loss, measuring 72.79 [kW] and 12.14 [kW] for 3-PV and 3-WT installations, respectively. Furthermore, the optimal installation of 3-PV and 3-WT improved the distribution system performance by 65.49% and 94.25%, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)612-619
Number of pages8
JournalIndonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023


  • Distributed generations Photovoltaic PSO-TVAC Radial distribution network Wind turbine


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