β-Tricalcium Phosphate as Alveolar Bone Grafting in Cleft Lip/Palate: A Systematic Review

Alexander Patera Nugraha, Hui Yang, Junduo Chen, Kunhua Yang, Ploypim Kraisintu, Kyaw Zaww, Aobo Ma, Ruixian Wang, Nada Emad Alshafei Mohamed Alhadi, Juan Ramón Vanegas Sáenz, Guang Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this systematic review is to describe and identify the prospects of β-Tricalcium Phosphate (β-TCP) as an alveolar bone grafting (ABG) material in cleft lip/palate (CL/P) or alveolar bone cleft defects. A systematic review protocol based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses 2020 (PRISMA 2020) was drafted. The literature search was conducted using MEDLINE/PubMed, Web of Science/ISI Web of Knowledge, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library, with English as the inclusion criterion and no publication year limits. The keywords yielded a total of 5824 publications. After removing duplicates and non-English articles, there were 3196 suitable articles available for evaluation. Subsequently, 1315 studies remained after reviewing titles and abstracts. Furthermore, 85 full articles were assessed for eligibility. After reading the complete texts of those papers, 20 were eventually selected that matched the inclusion requirements. Thirteen out of the twenty studies included in this systematic review were deemed to have a low risk of bias; one had a high risk of bias; and six had a moderate risk of bias due to not reporting randomization. β-TCP, when used as an ABG material, is biocompatible, visible, practical, offers a less invasive procedure, and does not interfere with orthodontic treatment. Synthetic β-TCP for ABG can be an alternative to autologous bone grafts under certain terms and conditions. The efficacy of β-TCP for ABG in CL/P or alveolar bone cleft defects can be enhanced through a tissue engineering approach that combines β-TCP with growth factors, mesenchymal stem cells, or other graft materials, along with modifications to β-TCP’s physical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article number234
JournalDentistry Journal
Volume11
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

Keywords

  • CL/P
  • bioceramic
  • bone graft
  • dental material
  • medicine
  • β-tricalcium phosphate

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